Bird Families

Warblers, warblers, warblers, etc.

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  • Phylloscopus bonelli: West and central Europe, winters to sahel of n Africa

Sources recognizing this taxon

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Bonelli's Warbler (Rhadina bonelli) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Bonelli's Warbler (Rhadina bonelli) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Bonelli's Warbler (Rhadina bonelli) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Bonelli's Warbler (Rhadina bonelli) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Bonelli's Warbler (Rhadina bonelli) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Bonelli's Warbler (Rhadina bonelli) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, revision 2009):
Pouillot de Bonelli (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Phylloscopus bonelli bonelli [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Phylloscopus bonelli bonelli [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl.corrigenda 1.2):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl.corrigenda 2.1):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl.corrigenda 3.1):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl.corrigenda 4):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl.corrigenda 5):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl.corrigenda 6):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl.corrigenda 7):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl.corrigenda 8):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Rhadina bonelli) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl.corrigenda vol. 1-2):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Rhadina bonelli) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (01/31/2015):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Phylloscopus bonelli bonelli [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Phylloscopus bonelli bonelli [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Western Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Phylloscopus bonelli [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Phylloscopus bonelli [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

View status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is a subspecies of Phylloscopus [bonelli or orientalis] (sensu lato) by some authors

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    Warblers

    Real chiffchaffs, or simply Warblers (Latin Phylloscopus) is a genus of small insectivorous birds from the chiffchaff family (Phylloscopidae) living in Europe, Asia and Africa. The greatest biodiversity is found in East Asia.Until recently, the warblers were usually considered as a group of birds from the Warbler family, but in 2006 it was decided to distinguish this genus, as well as the genus of painted warblers (Seicercus) into a separate family. At present, the genus includes about 55 bird species, but in aggregate it turns out to be polyphyletic (has different ancestors) in relation to related painted warblers, which contradicts the principles of modern biological systematics. Thus, the classification of several species can be revised.

    Description

    Pencils are small with a slender build. Compared to warblers (Sylvia) they have a shorter tail and longer legs. The beak is thin. In general, warblers are painted in very inconspicuous and non-contrasting colors, and many species are very similar to each other. The plumage is predominantly yellow, green or brown, the underside is usually lighter. Some Asian species are characterized by light framing of the wings and tail, as well as light stripes above the eyes. A common feature of all species is the absence of sexual dimorphism in coloration, which also does not differ between juveniles and adults. There are 12 large feathers in an even tail.

    Spread

    Almost all species live in deciduous and coniferous forests. Some species of Asia are also found in shrubs at a height where trees no longer grow. The avifauna of the Russian Federation includes 13 species: willow warbler, chiffchaff warbler, rattle warbler, talovan warbler, green warbler, warbler warbler, red warbler, light-headed warbler, thick-billed warbler, brown warbler, Indian warbler and pale-footed warbler, Yellow warbler (Phylloscopus nitidus). Caucasian (Phylloscopus lorenzii) the warbler, also represented on the territory of Russia, is currently considered by some taxonomists as a subspecies Phylloscopus sindianus.

    Reproduction

    Warblers build their nest, as a rule, on the ground or directly above the ground, sometimes at an average height in trees. The nests are built in one piece and closed with a side entry. The eggs laid are either completely white or speckled with brownish specks or reddish spots.

    Birds of Crimea

    • Tags
    • Birds starting with the letter P
    Latin name:Phylloscopus
    English name:Chiffchaff
    Kingdom:Animals
    A type:Chordates
    Class:Birds
    Squad:Passerine
    Family:Hemp
    Genus:Warblers
    Body length:11-13 cm
    Wing length:6-7 cm
    Wingspan:26—22 cm
    Weight:6-12 g
    • 1 Description of the bird
    • 2 Peculiarities of the chiffon nutrition
    • 3 Distribution of warblers in nature
    • 4 Is it a migratory bird?
    • 5 Bird species
      • 5.1 Chubby Warbler
      • 5.2 Laura's Penny
      • 5.3 Willow Warbler
      • 5.4 Chiffchaff warbler
      • 5.5 Light-bellied warbler
      • 5.6 Foam ratchet
      • 5.7 Brown Warbler
      • 5.8 Thick-billed warbler
      • 5.9 Korolkovaya warbler
      • 5.10 Warbler Warbler
      • 5.11 Talovka warbler
      • 5.12 Green warbler
      • 5.13 Light-headed warbler
    • 6 Male and female: the main differences
    • 7 Keeping heaps at home
    • 8 Interesting Facts About Bird
    • 9 Singing Warblers

    Chiffchaff nutritional features

    Warblers are insectivorous birds. They eat small forest and aquatic insects, their larvae, and spiders. Birds also eat flies, caterpillars and butterflies, beetles. In the fall, berries are included in your diet, for example, elderberry, raspberry, blueberry, currant.

    The warbler finds food in the crowns of trees, in bushes, near foliage in the air. It absorbs insects about a third of its weight per day, and even more before the autumn migration to make fat reserves for a long flight.

    Is it a migratory bird?

    Warblers are migratory birds. For the winter, these crumbs from all the expanses of Eurasia, where they usually nest, move to the tropical forests of the African continent.

    Brown-cheeked warbler

    The body length of this small bird reaches 11 cm. The cheeks are painted in a characteristic reddish color. The paws are dark. The top of the bird is greenish-gray, the belly is light. Distributed in the countries of central Africa (Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda).

    Laura's penny

    It lives in the tropical forests of Africa, found in countries such as Angola, Zambia, Congo, Tanzania. The species was discovered by the wife of the American birdwatcher Boulton, after whom he was named "Laura".

    Willow warbler

    The body length of the bird is 11-13 cm, the wingspan is up to 22 cm, the weight is 8-11 g. The species is very similar to the chiffchaff, but differs from it in singing. The back is olive green, the tummy is whitish yellow. The bird is distinguished by a yellow throat and chest and yellowish stripes above the eyes. The willow warbler is a resident of Europe. Flies to Africa for the winter.

    Chiffchaff warbler

    The species is found in coniferous and mixed forests of Asia and Europe, even in the far northern regions. For wintering it roams in the Mediterranean countries, South Asia and Central Africa.

    The bird is small: body length up to 12 cm, weight 7-8 g, in females - slightly less. During the nesting period, the back in males and females is grayish-brown, with an olive tint in the western subspecies. The tummy is whitish, with a yellow tint on the sides and breast. The eyebrows are highlighted with a white stripe. In autumn, the color fades, the sides and breast merge with the rest of the plumage. The chiffchaff has a sharp and dark beak, dark legs. The bird is distinguished from the willow by the singing, which consists of iridescent sounds "shadow-ting-tien-ting-ting-tien".

    Ratchet warbler

    The distribution area of ​​the species is the temperate and taiga zone of Europe. For the winter, the bird migrates to tropical Africa. The body length of the species is 11-13 cm, the wingspan is up to 24 cm. Body weight is up to 13 g. The plumage on the back is green, on the chest - yellowish-white. The song sounds like a combination of "sib" or "tyuyu" sounds with characteristic crackling sounds.

    Brown warbler

    A resident of East Asia, reaches 14 cm in length. The plumage of the back of the bird is dark brown. The beak is sharp, straight, short. Dark colored legs. In front of the eyes of the brown warbler, there is a dark stripe, above which a light one is noticeable. The eyes are outlined in white. The tummy is off-white, the breast is slightly darker. The sides and undertail are cream. The tail is slightly rounded. A sharp "check" sound is heard in the song of the brown warbler.

    Thick-billed warbler

    Body length up to 13 cm, weight 13-14 g. The bird is found in forests in eastern Asia. It is dyed brown-olive.

    Korolkovaya warbler

    The bird has a green back and a light tummy, a yellow stripe is visible on the head, and light ones on the wings. The body length of the species is up to 10 cm, weight is about 7 grams. Lives in southern and eastern Siberia, Mongolia and China. Migratory species with wintering in Indochina.

    Warbler-lightning

    Habitat - East Asia. Wingspan up to 16 cm, body length 10 cm. Weight from 4 to 9 g. The plumage on the back is olive-green with light stripes. The tummy is yellow-white. The beak is brown with a yellow base. The legs are reddish.

    Talovka warbler

    The plumage is gray-green with a lighter belly. The bird differs from other species by its protruding flight feathers and a light stripe on the wings. Its body length reaches 13 cm. Breeds in Russia, Brunei, China, Korea, Mexico, Mongolia, Scandinavian countries, Central and South Asia.

    Green warbler

    Resident of Eurasia. Outwardly similar to a forest warbler, but smaller than it. The top is olive green, the bottom is grayish white. A dark stripe with a yellow eyebrow is visible on the eyes. The legs are brown. The birds are about 10 cm long, with a wingspan of 15 to 20 cm, and weighing about 8 g.

    Light-headed warbler

    A bird with a body length of 12 cm, weighing about 8 g, with a typical plumage color: green back, light belly. A light eyebrow is located above the eyes. The species is common in Asia (Bangladesh, China, India, Japan, Laos, Korea, Thailand, Singapore, Vietnam, Russia).

    Male and female: the main differences

    Sexual dimorphism is completely absent in all types of warblers. And even juveniles and adults of this bird do not differ in external data. Nevertheless, their unique singing helps to distinguish the types of warblers.

    Keeping heifers at home

    Care for the chaff is easy. Only at first, in a cage, birds can behave restlessly and anxiously, in such cases the cage is covered with tissue.These crumbs quickly get used to captivity and after a couple of weeks they can be safely released to fly.

    Heifers have a peaceful character, they can get along with other species. But it is better not to leave several males together - they can quarrel over the female.

    Perches, a drinking bowl and a bathing container are placed in the cage near the warblers. For a pair of warblers, you can build a house, or you can leave the grass, moss and leaves, from which the birds will build a nest themselves.

    In one clutch of a female warbler, there are up to 7 small light eggs. The female incubates them for two weeks, and the same number feeds offspring.

    Birds are also unpretentious in food. They are fed insects, mealworms, berries and fruits.

    But with their sonorous trills, the warblers will delight the owners all year round.

    Interesting facts about the bird

    • Before migrating to warm regions, the warblers completely molt to brown plumage and gain weight.
    • The lifespan of warblers is up to 12 years.
    • In Europe, the total number of representatives of this species reaches 40 million pairs.

    Singing warblers

    Each type of warbler has its own unique song. For example, the chiffchaff melody resembles the sound of a drop. The ratchet warbler combines a perky crackle and a lingering sad whistle in its song. The green warbler sings loudly and brightly with iridescent trills. The warbler song is a melodic whistle.

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