Bird Families

Snow plantain, or snow bunting

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Commentator Vladimir 'Maelstorm' Kuzminov in his telegram channel spoke about the conflict between Ilya 'lil me alone' Ilyuk and Mark Averbukh over unpaid prize money at the OMEGA League: Europe Divine Division.

[Published preserving the spelling and punctuation of the source]

Vladimir 'Maelstorm' Kuzminov

What I would like to say. Is it bad that payments take a long time? Yes, of course, this is not in + for EEE, and it would be better for them to do it quickly. And it is better for the team not to make mistakes three times when submitting documents (I wonder if they will also apply for a visa?) Btv himself made a couple of mistakes when applying for a visa, thanks to the staff of the visa centers.

I was just amused by this. Do you know what caused this post in the cart from Leela? The reason was not the delay itself, but this tweet from Mark

High level touchiness, so to speak. In general, it is better not to play Dota with such an attitude, or not to read the comments, because in our community there are 2 types of teams and players - Inta champions and the bottom. Moreover, the first category is valid for a month, then it becomes the second.

By the game moment. Terrible fissure, well, it happens. Apply plantain, tomorrow will be better! There, if that Vanskor also gave the course it is not clear where (really it is not clear, I didn’t see it, he probably too).

What have we learned from all this? That there are companies like VALVE that pay PRIZE the next day (if the data is correct, or they can tinker for a week), and there are EEEs that do it much longer. And also that there are players who go to sort out their mistakes and learn to give a fissure without cutting off their core from its target, and there are those who run to Twitter to see what they wrote about him.

A little later, Vladimir added a small message that complements his previous post:

Vladimir 'Maelstorm' Kuzminov

Earlier, Ilya 'lil me alone' Ilyuk complained about non-payment of the prize money by the tournament organizer, Epic Esports Events. After that, the situation was commented on by the CEO of the tournament operator - Mark Averbukh. Omegalil finished 7th-8th in the OMEGA League: Europe Divine Division and earned $ 2,500 in prize money.

10.05.2019

Snow plantain, or bunting (lat.Plectrophenax nivalis) belongs to the plantain family (Calcariidae) from the order Passeriformes. It is a land bird that nests to the north of all land birds. Her nesting sites are found even in the north of Greenland.

Males returning from wintering grounds in these areas sometimes still encounter severe frosts down to -30C.

In the Arctic, snow buntings are considered the messengers of spring. After their arrival, warming soon begins. When their flock takes off, from a distance it resembles an unexpected blizzard due to the dazzling white feathers of small birds.

The bunting singing is loud, you can hear it even in bad weather. It consists of short whistling trills lasting about 2 seconds. Simple melodies are repeated several times in a row.

Spread

The habitat is in the northern part of the Palaearctic. It covers the northern regions of Europe, Russia, Greenland, Canada and the USA. After feeding the chicks in the fall, the snow plantains fly off to the temperate zone.

Their wintering grounds are located in coastal areas, marshy areas, on arable agricultural land and near settlements. Nesting sites are found mainly in the tundra in areas with rocky relief.

4 subspecies are known. The nominative subspecies is distributed in Northern Europe and North America. P.n. towsendi lives on the Commander and Aleutian Islands. P.n. vlasowae occupies an area from northeastern Europe to northeastern Siberia.

P.n. insulae is found only in Iceland. Unlike other subspecies, he is sedentary.

Behavior

Except for the breeding season, snow buntings live in flocks, which can number from several tens to hundreds of individuals. During the mating season, they split into pairs and become territorial.

After hatching, birds migrate south to Central and Eastern Europe, northern regions of Asia and the United States. Migrations are carried out in large flocks and begin in the second half of August.

During the flight, birds lose up to 30% of their body weight.

First, the females fly to the south, and then the males. Juveniles go to winter in the last turn. Snow buntings fly at night, guided by the geomagnetic field of the Earth. Their natural enemies are polar foxes (Vulpes lagopus) and snowy owls (Bubo scandiacus).

Food

Snow plantains feed mainly on plant foods. Their diet includes seeds, young plant buds and berries.

In spring and summer, they catch spiders, insects and their larvae. The offspring are fed exclusively by invertebrate animals.

Bunting usually looks for food on the soil surface or on tree branches. In cities and villages, they fly up to human dwellings and can, like sparrows and titmouses, feed from feeders.

Reproduction

Sexual maturity occurs at the age of one. The mating season is from May to June. During the season, a married couple feeds one, very rarely two broods.

Males arrive at nesting sites three or four weeks earlier than females.

They acquire their own home plots and fiercely defend their borders against intruders. Females attract females with their long singing. The most vociferous singers get the right to procreate.

After the formation of a pair of snow buntings, they begin to build the nest. It is located in a shelter protected from the wind and inaccessible for predators. Usually birds build it under stones or in crevices of rocks.

Blades of grass, dry roots and moss are used as building materials.

The inside of the nest is lined with soft plant fragments. The female lays 2 to 6 whitish eggs with reddish dots. She single-handedly incubates the clutch for 13-14 weeks, being dependent on her husband.

Both spouses feed the chicks with insects. They grow very quickly and already at 15-17 days they become on the wing.

Description

The body length of snow plantains is 16-18 cm, wingspan is 30-32 cm. Weight is 30-40 g. Males are larger than females. In spring, males have black back, tail and wings, and females gray-brown or dark brown. The beak and limbs of males are black.

Females have a brownish or orange-brown beak. The juveniles have gray-brown plumage.

Molting occurs at the end of July. In winter and autumn, males and females are colored the same in grayish-brown tones.

Buntings have a lifespan of about 4 years in the wild.

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