Bird Families

Small plover (lat


The official name of the sea plover is Charadrius alexandrinus. The bird lives on the insular part, likes to nest in open areas. She inhabits the northern part, adaptive. The small size does not affect the speed of the plover. It is distinguished by good endurance, but the population is still under threat.

Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

History of the species

The main bird habitat is the north of the country. Populations all over the world are numerous and do not need special protection. On the territory of Russia, for a number of reasons, a different situation has developed. The bird is endangered.

Charadrius alexandrinus is absent from the International Red Data Book. In Russia, the population is decreasing for 2 main reasons:

  • development of territories where Charadrius alexandrinus usually nests,
  • severe pollution of the territory in the north of the country.

Together, both factors led to a very rapid decline in the population. As a result, Charadrius alexandrinus is included in the Red Book of Russia.

External characteristics

The sea plover looks like a small bird, more like a sparrow. Its distinctive features are color, body structure. The species belongs to migratory, the color of the plumage partially changes according to the seasons.

Males and females differ, but not significantly. The male has a brown-gray, moderately uniform color. The neck area has a red tint. The feathers are white below. The belly is similar in color to the forehead, where there is a white strip of feathers. There are 2 white stripes above and below the eyes. The circle near the eye is dark, it turns into a dark color of feathers around the beak.

The crown of the male and female is equally dark. It has a black spot with clear boundaries. A gray surface extends from it to the neck. Then there are white feathers again. There are dark spots on the sides near the wings. Legs, beak almost black, uniform color.

The female is slightly lighter than the male. She is slightly less in weight. There is black on the crown of the head, but not always. The main color may vary slightly depending on the area of ​​residence of the flock.

Juveniles are smaller in size, slightly lighter in color. The young are more like females. The appearance of a dark spot indicates that the individual has reached maturity.

Brief description of the species

Zuek prefers to nest near green reservoirs. He chooses an area where there is shelter.

Open terrain is fine, but the main requirement is that there are no large flocks of other species nearby. The small size of the bird does not allow it to defend itself in the event of an attack. Birds huddle in small flocks. This is how they migrate long distances.

Related materials (by tag)

  • Black-headed goldfinch, or common goldfinch (lat.Carduelis carduelis)
  • Hoof, or saja, or bulduruk (buldeyuk, bulldruk) (lat.Syrrhaptes paradoxus)
  • Bulduruk (buldeyuk, bulldruk), or hoof, saja (lat.Syrrhaptes paradoxus)
  • Saja, or bulduruk (buldeyuk, bulldruk), or hoof (lat.Syrrhaptes paradoxus)
  • Brown-winged plover, or American plover (lat.Pluvialis dominica)

Nobel laureate "revived" artificial protocell

29-11-2013 Views: 7757 News of Cytology Antonenko Andrey

Nobel laureate Jack Szostak "revived" the artificial "protocell" he created earlier, adding citric acid salt to it, now it can independently reproduce the RNA molecule, and its membrane at.

Look into the eyes of a trilobite

17-03-2013 Hits: 10524 News of Paleontology Antonenko Andrey

Hundreds of millions of years ago, the seas were teeming with trilobites - hard-shelled creatures similar to thorny cockroaches. Since exoskeletons are supportive of fossilization, we know pretty well what their bodies looked like. But the internal one.

Aphids helped find out how plants respond to caterpillars

24-04-2014 Hits: 6446 Botany News Antonenko Andrey

Plants, as you know, have their own transport system, which can, to some extent, be likened to the circulatory system of animals. Water and necessary substances from the earth are distributed from the roots throughout the body of the plant.

Maxillomates (Gnathostomata)

10-10-2016 Views: 7857 Gnathostomata Antonenko Andrey

Infratype: Gnathostomata Scientific classification No grade: Deuterostomes (Deuterostomia) Type: Chordates (Chordata) Subtype: Vertebrates (Vertebrata) Infratype: Jaws (Ghathostomata) General Superclass: Tetrapeds (Tetrapisoda) animals 2. Origin of jaw-tootome animals 3. Classification of jaw-tootome animals 1. General information about jaw-tootome animals Jaw-mouth (Gnathostomata) Jaw-mouth (lat. Gnathostomata) is one of the infratypes (groups).

Giant shipworm found in Philippines

18-04-2017 Hits: 3644 Zoology News Antonenko Andrey

Scientists have collected a meter-long shipworms in the Philippines and studied their way of life. It turned out that, unlike most of their relatives, they refused to eat wood and began to live exclusively for.

How a parasite becomes a host and a host becomes a parasite

The Asian toothless turned upside down the relationship between mollusks and bitter fish, which developed in Eastern European reservoirs: now it is not fish that parasitize on mollusks, laying eggs in them, but larvae ...

Kiwi ancestors flew to New Zealand from Australia

The distant ancestors of the flightless kiwi bird lived in Australia and moved to the islands of New Zealand more than 20 million years ago. These are the conclusions reached by Australian paleontologists studying the fossils of ancient kiwi found ...

All species of tyrannosaurs and their relatives grew in jerks

Unlike many other large carnivorous dinosaurs, tyrannosaurs and their closest relatives did not grow at a constant rate, but in great leaps and bounds. This is the conclusion made by paleontologists, whose research results were published ...

Tyrannosaurs had a feline "sixth sense"

Daspletosaurs, the closest relatives of tyrannosaurs, were deprived of the thick lips and feathers of their more famous relatives, but at the same time they had a special feline "sixth sense" that allowed them to be very sensitive to vibrations and pressure, according to an article published ...

Immune cells flock to discuss pathogen control

When a bee finds flowers with a lot of nectar, it returns to the hive and tells its comrades where to fly. Approximately the same, according to scientists from the University of California at San Francisco (USA), do ...

Global warming drives salmonids out to spawn ahead of time

The researchers saw how global warming, through genes, affects the migratory behavior of fish. Recently, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of works devoted to how animals and plants adapt to climate change. Naturally, people ...

The Viral Trojan Horse, or How Bacteriophages Help Their Bacterial Victims

To maintain reproduction under conditions of phosphorus starvation, bacteriophages of marine bacteria enter host cells with a set of genes that help the hosts to more efficiently “snatch” phosphorus from the environment. Bacteriophages specialized in marine bacteria ...

Found a meteorite - witness the explosion that gave birth to the solar system

A team of researchers from Livermore National Laboratory and Arizona State University (USA) led by Gregory A. Brennecka exhaustively analyzed a meteorite that fell to Earth in 1969. And she made the following conclusion: in terms of composition ...

Will Lake Baikal dry up?

Over the past fifteen years, the water level in Lake Baikal has dropped noticeably. This seriously worries ecologists and scientists. Now they are trying to find out the reasons for the shallowing of the deepest lake on the planet and make up for ...

Other uses of the photo

Dimensions in centimeters are for reference only and correspond to printing at 300 dpi. The purchased files are provided in the format Jpeg.

¹ Standard License permits a one-time publication of an image on the Internet or in print (with a circulation of up to 250 thousand copies) as an illustration for information material or the cover of a print edition, as well as within the framework of one advertising or promotional campaign on the Internet,

² Extended license allows other uses, including in advertising, packaging, website design, and so on,

³ License Private printing authorizes the use of the image in the design of private interiors and for printing for personal use in an edition of no more than five copies.

* Image packages give significant savings when buying a large number of works (more)

Original size: 3949 × 2845 pixels. (11.2 MP)

The price indicated in the table consists of the cost of a license to use the image (75% of the total cost) and the cost of photobank services (25% of the total cost). This division appears only in the invoices and in the final documents (contracts, acts, registers), in the rest of the interface of the photobank there are always full amounts payable.

Attention! The use of works from the photo bank is possible only after their purchase. Any other use (including for non-commercial purposes and with a link to the photo bank) is prohibited and punishable by law.

Food, hunting

The sea plover, despite its small size, is a kind of predator. It feeds on insects, larvae.

Females and males look for spiders and mollusks near the nests. Weed loves varied food. Adults feed young animals for a long time.


Upon arrival from warm countries, the bird begins to nest. The process takes place just before the laying of eggs. Breeding occurs in late spring when the weather is warm.

Males choose a suitable nesting site. The distance between the nests should always be large. Further the birds build a nest. It is located near rivers and lakes. The male is responsible for arranging the nests.

The socket is a recess like a hole. There are small pebbles around, they serve as protection. The average clutch consists of 3-4 eggs.


A small sandpiper, slightly larger than a sparrow, with a dense build of plovers and a contrasting black and white pattern on the head and chest. It differs from a tie in smaller sizes, a completely black beak (there may be a yellow base of the mandible), a yellow leathery rim around the eye, a black frontal stripe is edged behind by a narrow white stripe. The white longitudinal stripe on the wing is weak and invisible from a distance. The legs are three-toed, buffy-pinkish or dull yellow. The female differs from the male slightly: a narrower yellow ring around the eye and a brownish tint of a black "tie". In winter plumage (second half of summer), black color elements are replaced by sandy-brown ones, yellow bloom appears on the white forehead and "eyebrows", the yellow ocular ring and legs become darker. Juveniles are generally colored in the same way and differ from adults in the presence of a scaly pattern on the back and wings, a dark stripe on the chest is usually torn in the middle. It is best to distinguish them from young neckties in flight due to the absence of a clear white stripe on the wing. In manners, as in other plovers, fast jogging with abrupt stops and bows are very characteristic. Weight 30-50 g, length 14-15, wing 10.9-12.3, span 42-48 cm. //


Common breeding migrant. It lives in river valleys, near fresh and salt lakes, ponds, reservoirs on plains, on small streams, rivers and lakes in mountains at altitudes up to 1850 m, prefers sandy, stony or muddy shores, with no or with sparse vegetation. In spring it appears in March in the southern regions and in April - early May - in the northern and in the mountains. It flies in small flocks of 10-20 birds, the flight is very fast, on the Chokpak pass the last birds were recorded on May 13, 1969. Breeds in separate pairs not far from each other. The nest is located no further than 200-300 m from the water, in a small depression, and is lined with some dry grass or small pebbles. Clutches of 3-4 eggs are laid in April or early May, but nests with eggs were kept until the end of June. Incubation lasts 22-26 days. Chicks hatch from May to late July.Probably, it manages to raise two broods during the summer season; repeated nesting after the loss of the first clutch was also observed. In autumn, up to one or two dozen birds fly away in small flocks, migration begins in August. First, adult birds fly away, young ones fly away a little later. The birds leave the mountains and northern regions in early or mid-September, the southern regions at the end of September .//


It nests everywhere along the shores of lowland water bodies and mountain rivers and small streams. Also widely found on migration.

Sources of information

Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005. E. I. Gavrilov. "Fauna and distribution of birds in Kazakhstan". Almaty, 1999. V.K. Ryabitsev. "Birds of the Urals, Urals and Western Siberia". Yekaterinburg, Ural University Publishing House, 2000.