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Scoops do not live except at the poles. They can be seen in all climatic zones of the Earth, including tundra or deserts. In nature, there are about 35 thousand species and varieties. The name is associated with a bird and at first evokes positive emotions. So, the white-faced scoop is a feathered predator, there is also a collar, a scops owl - they are interesting to nature lovers. African, North American, West American - these are also birds! But the insect destroys crops.
All species of this insect are pests for the plant world. So, the cotton scoop easily settles on tomatoes or corn. A smart pea will not disappear among the weeds. There are types of meadow, grain, alfalfa ... The most harmful are the so-called gnawing scoops.
- 1 General information on gnawing scoops 1.1 Winter scoops
- 1.2 Garden scoop
- 1.3 Cabbage scoop
List of species
The genus contains 50 species:
- Otus scops
- Otus gurneyi
- Red-eared scoop
- Otus sagittatus
- White-fronted scoop
- Otus rufescens
- Reddish scoop
- Otus icterorhynchus
- Yellow-billed scoop
- Otus ireneae
- Kenyan scoop
- Otus balli
- Andaman scoop
- Otus alfredi
- Flores scoop
- Otus spilocephalus
- Spotted scoop
- Otus brookii
- Malay scoop
- Otus angelinae
- Javanese scoop
- Otus mentawi
- Philippine scoop
- Otus bakkamoena
- Collar scoop
- Otus lettia
- Collared Scarlet Owl
- Otus semitorques
- Japanese scoop
- Otus lempiji
- Sand Scoop
- Otus fuliginosus
- Palawan scoop
- Otus megalotis
- Scoop of Mayotte
- Otus silvicola
- Wallace Scoop
- Otus mirus
- Mindan scoop
- Otus longicornis
- Luzon mountain scoop
- Otus mindorensis
- Mindor scoop
- Otus brucei
- Desert Scoop
- Otus senegalensis
- African scoop
- Otus sunia
- Eastern scoop
- Otus magicus
- Moluccan scoop
- Otus mantananensis
- Sulawesian scoop
- Otus elegans
- Scoop Ryuuo
- Otus manadensis
- Indonesian scoop
- Otus collari
- Sangih Scoop
- Otus beccarii
- Scoop Beccari
- Otus insularis
- Seychelles scoop
- Otus umbra
- Simalurian scoop
- Otus enganensis
- Scoop Enggano
- Otus alius
- Nicobar scoop
- Otus pembaensis
- Scoop Pemba
- Otus pauliani
- Large komos scoop
- Otus capnodes
- Anjouan scoop
- Otus moheliensis
- Scoop Mogeli
- Otus mayottensis
- Mountain forest scoop
- Otus madagascariensis
- Scoop Torotoroko
- Otus rutilus
- Madagascar scoop
- Otus hartlaubi
- Santomey scoop
- Otus jolandae
- Rinjan scoop
- Otus sulaensis
- Otus siaoensis
- Scoop Xiao
- Otus everetti
- Otus nigrorum
- Otus socotranus
- Otus thilohoffmanni
- Ceylon scoop
Answers to the crossword of the day No. 22179 from Odnoklassniki
Horizontal: An artist with a "thunderous" surname - ROKOTOV
Soviet forerunner of the calculator -
The main building material -
Semi-finished apricot and dried apricots -
A mess from the word "argon" -
Singing finch bird -
Perennial herb for a camel -
Along which the road of rokada stretches -
Ukrainian pop star Sofia .. -
A dish instrument in an orchestra -
Storage room -
Accelerating the tempo in music -
The process that a dentist carries out with a mirror -
The prototype of the balalaika -
Drink from the coffee machine -
Russo - Russian singer from Syria Who wanted honey from the wrong bees -
An ancient machine that throws arrows
Popovskaya suspended "snuffbox" -
Russian revolutionary, doctor and publicist -
Vertical: Paddling - Covetousness
Go-kart competition area -
Salad content -
The basis of the first radio receivers -
Ryazan hero named Evpatiy -
The playful name of a little cigarette butt -
The famous Moscow street -
Winged attack of the nomads -
Steel Serpentine Dagger -
A fizzy drink to dilute whiskey -
The kind of Italian aria -
Potato potato pancakes -
The tree that makes winter in the middle of summer -
The famous Russian poet -
Moth family butterfly -
Undergrown giraffe -
One of the most bloodthirsty action heroes in the history of cinema -
CONCRETE - 1. Building material in the form of a mixture of cement, bitumen, etc. with sand, gravel and water, hardening after laying. 2. What is made of such material.
APRICOT - 1. Southern fruit tree with yellow-red sweet and juicy fruits with large bones. 2. The wood of such a tree. 3. The fruit of such a tree.
ONAGR - Wild donkey.
Goldfinch - A small songbird of the order of passerines with bright variegated plumage.
FRONT - 1. Military formation in ranks. 2. The side of the combat disposition of troops or a separate military unit facing the enemy. // The territory occupied by such a military unit. 3. Strategic area of operations of an army group under the command of one commander. // An active army in such an area. // Military action in such an area. 4. transfer. A section on which several are simultaneously performed. processes, works. // Region, industry state, social or cultural activities. 5. transfer. The unification of social forces carrying out the achievement of some. goals. 6. transfer. The interface between different air masses (in meteorology). 7.translate. Front, front of smth.
PLATES pl. Percussion musical instrument in the form of two thin metal discs.
WAREHOUSE - 1. Special place, room for storing smth. 2. A large number of smth. items collected, folded in one place. // decomp. Stock of smth.
WAREHOUSE - 1. The physical appearance of a person or animal, physique. 2. The moral image of a person, his character, habits, beliefs. // Characteristic features, structure of mind, soul, character, thoughts. 3. The manner of expressing thoughts, writing or speaking, style. // decomp. Logical connection, harmony. 4. The established order, way of life. 5. A way of constructing a verse, song, etc. // Rhythm, melodiousness.
WAREHOUSE - obsolete. 1. The same as: a syllable.
STRETTO Wed nonsl. Same as Stretta.
INSPECTION - 1. Action by value. verb .: to inspect, to inspect. 2. Examination of sm. object in order to identify or check its condition.
DOMRA - Russian folk stringed plucked musical instrument with an oval body.
BALLISTA - A machine for throwing stones, arrows, etc., used in ancient times, usually during the siege of fortresses.
KADILO Wed A metal vessel used in Orthodox and Catholic services for smoking incense.
EVERYTHING cf. colloquial Behavior and lifestyle of a grabber.
VEGETABLES pl. Garden fruits and greens for food.
DETECTOR - 1. A device in a radio receiver that converts high frequency vibrations into audible low frequency vibrations. 2. A device for detecting radioactive or thermal radiation, as well as various particles (alpha and beta particles, neutrons, protons). // Device for detecting smth.
Taganka is outdated. Small indoor iron stove.
POPLAR - A tree of the willow family with a tall, straight trunk, with glossy leaves of various shapes and flowers in the form of hanging cylindrical rods.
SOVKA - A bird of a squad of owls, a scops owl.
SOVKA - Dark colored moth, bat.
An excerpt characterizing the Scoops (birds)
“Yes, from Julie,” said the princess, looking timidly and smiling timidly. “I’ll skip two more letters, and read the third,” said the prince sternly, “I’m afraid you’re writing a lot of nonsense.” I'll read the third. - Read at least this, mon pere, [father,] - answered the princess, blushing even more and handing him the letter. “Third, I said, third,” the prince shouted shortly, pushing away the letter, and, leaning his elbows on the table, pushed the notebook with geometry drawings. `` Well, madam, '' the old man began, bending down close to his daughter over the notebook and placing one hand on the back of the chair on which the princess was sitting, so that the princess felt herself surrounded on all sides by that tobacco and senile pungent smell of her father, which she had known for so long ... - Well, madam, these triangles are similar, if you please, the angle abc ... The princess looked frightened at her father's shining eyes close to her, red spots shimmered over her face, and it was clear that she did not understand anything and was so afraid that fear would hinder her understand all further interpretations of the father, no matter how clear they are. Whether the teacher was to blame or the student was to blame, but every day the same thing was repeated: the princess's eyes were dim, she saw nothing, did not hear, she only felt the dry face of her strict father close to her, felt his breath and smell, and only thought about how she could leave the office as soon as possible and understand the problem in her own open space. The old man lost his temper: with a crash he pushed and pulled the chair on which he was sitting, made efforts to stay cool, and almost every time he got excited, scolded, and sometimes threw the notebook. The princess was mistaken in her answer. - Well, how can you not be stupid! - shouted the prince, pushing away the notebook and quickly turning away, but immediately got up, walked, touched the princess's hair with his hands and sat down again. He moved over and continued to interpret. “You can't, princess, you can't,” he said, when the princess, having taken and closed the notebook with the assigned lessons, was already preparing to leave, “mathematics is a great thing, my madam. And I don’t want you to be like our stupid ladies. Will endure falling in love. He patted her cheek with his hand. - The crap will jump out of my head. She wanted to go out, he stopped her with a gesture and took out a new uncut book from the high table. - Here's another Key of the Sacrament your Eloise is sending you. Religious. And I do not interfere in anyone's faith ... I looked. Take it. Well, go, go! He patted her on the shoulder and himself locked the door behind her. Princess Marya returned to her room with a sad, frightened expression that rarely left her and made her ugly, sickly face even more ugly, sat down at her writing desk, laden with miniature portraits and littered with notebooks and books. The princess was as disorderly as her father was decent. She put down the geometry notebook and eagerly opened the letter. The letter was from the princess's closest childhood friend, this friend was the same Julie Karagin, who was at the Rostovs' birthday: Julie wrote: “Chere et excellente amie, quelle chose terrible et effrayante que l’absence! J'ai beau me dire que la moitie de mon existence et de mon bonheur est en vous, que malgre la distance quinous separe, nos coeurs sont unis par des liens indissolubles, le mien se revolte contre la destinee, et je ne puis, malgre les plaisirs et les distractions qui m'entourent, vaincre une certaine tristesse cachee que je ressens au fond du coeur depuis notre separation. Pourquoi ne sommes nous pas reunies, comme cet ete dans votre grand cabinet sur le canape bleu, le canape a confidences? Pourquoi ne puis je, comme il y a trois mois, puiser de nouvelles forces morales dans votre regard si doux, si calme et si penetrant, regard que j'aimais tant et que je crois voir devant moi, quand je vous ecris. "
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies) - Lepidoptera, Family Moths (Moths) - Noctuidae
Butterfly, wingspan 36–48 mm. The color of the forewings ranges from steel bluish to blackish brown. On the leading edge, there is a light cream, triangular spot with a black border in the shape of the letter "C". The first generation butterflies appear in May and fly until mid-July. They need additional nutrition on flowers of raspberry, honeysuckle, black currant, sunflower and other plants.
The second generation of butterflies is observed in August - September. The intensity of the second summer is many times higher. The female lays eggs one at a time or in clusters of 18–40 eggs on the soil or on the underside of leaves. Average fertility is 800-950.
Egg 0.6-0.9 mm yellowish-gray, spherical with 28-30 ribs, completes development in 6 days.
Caterpillar up to 45 mm from pinkish-yellow to reddish-brown, often greenish or dark gray in color. On the dorsal side, oblique dark strokes. The side stripe below has a dark edging. Younger caterpillars are yellow-green.
The caterpillar goes through six developmental stages. Young caterpillars feed openly on the lower part of the leaves, skeletonizing them. At older ages, they hide during the day on the soil surface and under plant debris. They feed at night, leaving a central vein from the leaf blade.
The second generation of caterpillars feeds on wild and weed vegetation and does not do much harm to crops.
Hibernate caterpillars of the last instars (5th and 6th). In the spring, they continue to feed, first on weeds, and later on seedlings of cultivated plants. Pupation is observed at the end of April-May.
Chrysalis develops in a loose cocoon in the surface layer of the soil, often immediately below plant debris. Duration of development is 12-30 days.
During the season, 1-3 generations develop.
Harm caterpillars, mainly of older ages. Overwintered caterpillars in spring damage sugar beet seedlings, cabbage seedlings, radishes, onions, perennial grasses and many other crops. Eating forks of shoots, tops of shoots and leaves. Caterpillars of the second generation feed mainly on weeds, do not harm much
Control measures (see below)
agrotechnical methods, timely soil cultivation in fallow fields and row crops, weed control, insecticide spraying.
Scoop Karadrin (Small ground scoop, tomato) - Spodoptera exigua
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies) - Lepidoptera, family Moths (Moths) - Noctuidae
Butterfly with a wingspan of 23-24 mm. The front pair is grayish-brown. The transverse lines are double, unsharp. The reniform spot has a brownish tint. The round spot is rusty orange. The rear pair of wings is white with a slight pink bloom. Years of butterflies are observed from May to the end of October. The terms of development of different generations overlap. Females start laying eggs 1–3 days after emergence. Fertility varies from 300 to 1700 eggs, sometimes more than 2000. Butterflies of the first generation are the most fertile. Eggs are laid in three to four piles, up to 250 in each. Females are placed in piles on the underside of weed leaves and covered with grayish hairs from the abdomen, so that the shelter looks like a small felt.
Egg 0.5 mm of yellowish green color develops in 2-10 days.
Caterpillar 25-30 mm long from green to brown. On the dorsal side, there are thin hairy longitudinal lines, on the sides there are wide dark stripes, under which there are light yellow stripes. After hatching, caterpillars immediately start feeding. First, they skeletonize the leaves, later they perforate them, leaving only large veins. Caterpillar development lasts 14–28 days. Young caterpillars concentrate on weeds, while the older ones move on to cultivated plants. Caterpillars pupate in the soil at a depth of 3-5 cm, in an oval cradle
Chrysalis 13–14 mm yellowish brown, shiny.
Hibernate pupae in the soil.
Harm: young caterpillars scrape leaves of plants, older ones gnaw large holes in them, leaving large veins. Flowers and fruits are also damaged. They are able to feed on 185 species of plants from 50 families. During the season, 2-4 generations of the pest develop.
- weed control,
- inter-row processing,
- removal of plant residues from the field after harvest,
- deep winter plowing,
- optimal early sowing time,
- biological control methods,
- insecticide treatment of seeds and seedlings of plants.
Winter scoop control
Predatory and parasitic insects, as well as birds, destroy the winter scoop in significant quantities. This pest must be eliminated at all stages of its development.
Timely weed control is very important in the fight against the winter moth. This butterfly lays eggs on them, from which caterpillars develop. After a while, the caterpillars crawl from the weeds to the cultivated plants, which cause great harm. In fields where weed control measures are taken in a timely manner, the number of winter moth caterpillars decreases.
The eggs of the winter moth are destroyed with the help of a parasitic insect - the trichogramma egg-eater.Trichogramma is multiplied in collective farm laboratories and released into the fields. They lay their eggs in the egg scoop. While developing, the trichogramma larvae destroy the eggs of the scoop. To destroy the moth caterpillars, chickens are grazed on infected crops, and wild birds are also attracted by scattering corn grains and other baits.
The foci of mass reproduction of caterpillars are separated from non-infected crops by grooves with poisoned baits spread along the bottom. Freshly cut weeds, clover, beet tops, sprinkled with a solution of intestinal poison can serve as baits.
There is also a chemical fight against the caterpillars of the winter moth: the plants are sprayed and pollinated with heptachlor, DDT, hexachloran and other preparations.