The Japanese white-eyed (lat.Zosteros japonicus) belongs to the White-eyed family (Zosteropidae) from the order Passeriformes. It got its name from the white feathers that grow in the form of a ring around the eyes.
They are absent in young birds and appear only in adults.
Japanese white-eyed insects destroy a large number of harmful insects, and also contribute to pollination and the spread of seeds of various plants. They are easy to tame and tolerate well being kept in captivity. In Japan during the Middle Ages, males were often kept in cages to enjoy their melodious voices. These songbirds are featured in many classical Japanese paintings.
The species was first described in 1845 by the Dutch zoologist Konrad Jakob Temminck and the German ornithologist Hermann Schlegel.
The original habitat covered the territory of Japan, Vietnam, Korea, China and the Philippines. At the end of the 19th century, white-eyed were introduced to many countries of Southeast Asia and Australia. Between 1929 and 1937, they were brought to the Hawaiian Islands for pest control. Soon, the birdies from caterpillar fighters turned into an invasive species, displacing native species of fauna, primarily the Hawaiian flower girls (Drepanidini).
Birds settle in forests, mangroves, gardens, parks and plantations. They are not afraid of humans and often nest near human dwellings.
For their place of residence, birds choose areas with an abundance of trees and shrubs, on the leaves of which they find food for themselves.
9 subspecies are known, of which 7 live in Japan. The nominative subspecies is distributed in South Korea and on all Japanese islands with the exception of Hokkaido. The subspecies Zosterops japonicus simplex lives in Taiwan, southeast China and northern Vietnam. Zosterops japonicus hainanus is found only in the Chinese province of Hainan, located on the island of the same name in the south of the country.
Japanese white-eyed women are diurnal. They often gather in small groups of 5 to 20 individuals. While searching for food, birds regularly perform acrobatic stunts, hanging upside down on branches.
Outside the nesting period, they do not show aggression towards each other. During the breeding season, males become territorial and fiercely defend their home areas from the invasion of fellow tribesmen. They kindly allow birds of other species to nest nearby.
The boundaries of the occupied area are determined by loud singing. Males sing most intensely in the mornings and evenings, when their arias last 20 to 40 minutes.
Birds are very sociable and love mutual plumage cleaning. The social hierarchy in the flock does not depend on gender and is established by fluttering wings and clicking beaks.
The main natural enemies are mongooses, Polynesian, gray and black rats.
The diet is based on beetles (Coleoptera), flies (Brachycera) and their larvae. To a lesser extent, arachnids (Arachnidae) are eaten. The bird looks for insects on the leaves and in the cracks in the bark of trees.
Approximately 30-40% of the daily menu is made up of food of plant origin.
The Japanese white-eyed woman loves to feast on the pulp of ripe persimmons, oranges, papaya and avocado. She also eats flower nectar and pollen.
Representatives of this species breed from February to December. Fertility peaks between July and August. Japanese white-eyed white-eyed breeding birds produce offspring two or three times during the breeding season.
The birds form monogamous pairs. The spouses build the nest for 7-10 days. Leaves, grass, mosses, lichens, animal hair, spider webs and spider cocoons are used as building materials. In settlements, human hair, foil and plastic bags are often used.
Despite the use of such a variety of building materials, the nest looks neat and well-groomed. It resembles a wicker basket or shell and is attached at the fork in the branches. Its diameter is about 56 mm and its depth is about 41 mm.
The female lays 2 to 5 smooth elliptical eggs, blue or white, one per day.
Both partners incubate the clutch. Incubation lasts about 11 days.
Chicks are born naked, blind and helpless. Their eyes open on the fifth day. At 10-12 days, they are already covered with feathers and for the first time leave the nest. By the fourth week, the chicks can already fly a little, but they continue to stay with their parents for about 15-20 days. By this time, adult birds again begin procreation and expel juveniles from their lands.
Young birds gather in flocks and stay in them until the next season. Their sexual maturity occurs at the age of one.
The body length of adults is 10-12 cm. Weight is 9-12 g. The plumage is olive-green on the back, and yellowish or pale green on the chest. The upper part of the tail and wings are dark brown, with a greenish tint around the edges.
The lower part of the body is gray-white, the undertail is light yellow. The beak, legs and feet are black. The throat is smoky yellow and the sides are brownish. The back of the neck is olive, the chin is yellowish.
On the paws there are 4 toes, of which one is directed back. The fingers are armed with sharp claws.
The life expectancy of the Japanese white-eye in natural conditions is 5-6 years.
Pixie Swarovski nail design: which to choose - analogs or originals?
There are many analogues to Swarovski pixie crystals, but we often pay too little attention to them. What are the advantages of analogs?
- Firstly, the cost of such crystals is several times lower than the original Swarovski crystals, which is already a good reason to try them.
- Secondly, the number of color combinations is much wider, which means you can embody more creative ideas,
- Well, the main, third plus for today is that we ourselves can mix them at our discretion!
How to create original and inexpensive pixie yourself?
Pixie crystals are a mixture of small crystals and transparent or translucent broths. Having an analogue of crystals and several types of broths, we can make a variety of combinations and get all new shades.
How to do it? Very easy! First you need to choose the crystals themselves and decide on the color. They can be very different: lilac, yellow, green, red, lavender, citrine, pale pink - the choice is incredibly large. Next, you need to take the broth, even the cheapest will do. Here you also have a huge selection of shades: transparent, transparent-colored, silver, golden, pink and so on. The options to choose from among the available colors are incredible!
Most often, the choice falls on transparent ones, since light also plays beautifully in them, which effectively complements the overflow of crystals. To enhance the color, you can choose broths to match the crystals, for example, pink crystals and pale pink broths.
And this is where the fun begins - mixing! You can mix them in different proportions and get different mixes. For example, take 10% crystals and 90% broths: the crystals will shine here and there and play with a hue on the broths. It can be mixed in a ratio of 50 to 50, then the brightness of the crystals will be very strong, and the broths will complement the image. By changing the proportions and shades, you can make a large number of color combinations of pixie crystals, moreover, they will all be only yours, exclusive and unique.
How to securely fix pixie crystal crystals in nails?
In order to fix the crumb well on the nail, a thick base or top is used. Often, the rubber base becomes the best assistant in this matter. Why choose it?
- the rubber base is quite thick, so the crystals seem to sink into its texture and are fixed from all sides,
- it does not flow, so the design is convenient to position and move along the nail in the pattern you need,
- when covering the entire marigold, the base is applied directly to the coating with the top and sprinkled on top in a scattering, and then dried well in a lamp (it is advisable to dry the base twice, since the crystals may prevent the coating from drying completely). In this case, top-top coating of crystals from above is not required,
- if the design covers only part of the marigold, then it is better to use a thin brush and complement the gaps with a base or thick top, and also paint over the edges of the design. This guarantees him long wear and durability without sacrificing beauty.
As you can see, there are a great many opportunities to stylishly and spectacularly decorate nails with incredibly beautiful pixies. The special charm of this decor is that it, like no other, is conducive to experimentation. And in order to create nail art that is not inferior to the catwalk, you do not need significant expenses at all. Brands of an affordable price range offer you no less high-quality, beautiful and durable decorative elements.
Get to know the iridescent beauty of broths and crystals in the assortment of our online store and make your nails and the fingers of your clients even more beautiful!
How to mix crystal chips (pixie) with broth
Real pixie crystals are a mixture of multi-colored crystals and broths in different proportions. As a rule, the number of broths is greater, and the sharp crystals themselves are several times less. In case you want to create your own pixie shade, you will need 2 ingredients: the crystals themselves and the broths. At the same time, you can choose the ratio of the components yourself, thereby making your exclusive product at no extra cost.
The most common pixie crystals used are clear broths. Today we will show an example of crystal chips with transparent and colored broths.
For the first set, we chose clear broths and deep purple crystals. At the same time, the crystals do not differ at all from the original Swarovski crystals, they also shine amazingly, the same size. There are not too many crystals in the package, however, when mixed with broths, there will be plenty of them and not enough for 1 time.
Having selected all the necessary components, we pour the broths into the lid in a small amount - in this case, we decided to make a mixture for 2 - 3 nails (when covering the entire nail). To do this, we completely filled the bottom of the lid without gaps in a thin layer of broth.
Next, we add some crystals to the same cap. In order to see the approximate ratio, do not pour all the crystals into 1 pile, scatter them over the broths and it will be easy for you to understand how they are approximately distributed in the total mass of broths.
Next, use any convenient tool, such as a pusher or an orange stick, to mix the crystals. Be careful, the broths fly away easily,) So our first range of our own crystals is ready. In the same way, you can mix several colors of broths or crystals and each time get new and new shades depending on your mood and your desires!
We also decided to show how this version of the mixture would look like when using multi-colored broths. In our case, we chose four colors (blue, purple, gold and black tints). The broths themselves are very beautiful and have incredible shimmering in the light.
We decided to decorate such broths with light crystals of lilac color, but so that they do not interfere too much with the brilliance of the broths themselves, we decided to add them a little less than 1 time.
Thus, we have got our own mixture of original and unusual pixie crystals, where the base is dark, almost cosmic, and the lilac crystals, like rare stars, shine and play in the light.