See also other dictionaries:
Thryothorus pleurostictus - dėmėtoji krūmyninė karietaitė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Thryothorus pleurostictus angl. banded wren vok. Akazienzaunkönig, m rus. acacia shrub wren, m pranc. troglodyte barré, m ryšiai: platesnis…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Banded wren - Taxobox name = Banded Wren regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Troglodytidae genus = Pheugopedius species = P. pleurostictus binomial = Pheugopedius pleurostictus binomial authority = (Sclater, 1860) ... ... Wikipedia
Sibley-Monroe checklist 15 - The Sibley Monroe checklist was a landmark document in the study of birds. It drew on extensive DNA DNA hybridization studies to reassess the relationships between modern birds. Passeriformes (continued) Sittidae * Sitta europaea Wood Nuthatch * ... ... Wikipedia
Troglodyte (oiseau) - Troglodytinae Cet article concerne des oiseaux appelés Troglodytes. Pour un article plus général, voir Troglodyte ... Wikipédia en Français
Troglodytidés - Troglodytinae Cet article concerne des oiseaux appelés Troglodytes. Pour un article plus général, voir Troglodyte ... Wikipédia en Français
Troglodytinae - Cet article concerne des oiseaux appelés Troglodytes. Pour un article plus général, voir Troglodyte ... Wikipédia en Français
Troglodytidae - Zaunkönige Hauszaunkönig (Troglodytes aedon) Systematik Reihe: Wirbeltiere (Vertebrata) ... Deutsch Wikipedia
Zaunkönige - Hauszaunkönig (Troglodytes aedon) Systematik Reihe: Wirbeltiere (Vertebrata) Klasse ... Deutsch Wikipedia
List of birds of Costa Rica - Although Costa Rica is a small country, it is in the bird rich neotropical region and has a huge number of species for its area. 893 bird species have been recorded in the country (including Cocos Island), more than in all of the United States ... ... Wikipedia
List of birds of Nicaragua - This is a list of the bird species recorded in Nicaragua. The avifauna of Nicaragua includes a total of 698 species, of which 2 have been introduced by humans, and 14 are rare or accidental. 8 species are globally threatened.This list s taxonomic ... Wikipedia
List of birds of Mexico - This is a list of the bird species recorded in Mexico. The avifauna of Mexico includes a total of 1,085 species, of which 108 are endemic, six have been introduced by humans, and 51 are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in…… Wikipedia
- fish (35)
- wolf (32)
- birds (30)
- bear (27)
- dog (26)
- aquarium (22)
- fish (22)
- fish (22)
- cat (20)
- monkey (16)
- elk (15)
- elephant (13)
- camel (13)
- fox (12)
- deer (11)
- Photos of animals
- IUCN Red Book
- Other Passerines
- Animals of continents
- Animal stories
- Reptiles (Reptiles)
- For children
- Amphibians (Amphibians)
- Golden photos
- Videos about animals
- Animal sounds
The most beautiful photos of animals in the natural environment and in zoos around the world. Detailed descriptions of lifestyle and amazing facts about wild and domestic animals from our authors - naturalists. We will help you immerse yourself in the fascinating world of nature and explore all the previously unexplored corners of our vast planet Earth!
COPYRIGHT © 2012-2021 All rights reserved. Site materials are intended for private use only. Any use of the materials published on the site for commercial purposes is possible only with the permission of the copyright holder: Educational and educational Internet portal "Zoogalaktika ®".
Fund for the Promotion of Educational and Cognitive Development of Children and Adults "ZOOGALAKTIKA ®" OGRN 1177700014986 INN / KPP 9715306378/771501001
Description and features of wren
Wren - bird dense physique. The body of the animal looks round, since it is almost devoid of a neck. It seems that a large and also round head is attached, bypassing it. The tail also gives compactness to the wren. It does not "shine" in length. The typical tail position of a bird is upturned, especially when the bird is sitting. This further hides the length of the tail.
Painted wren in brownish tones. Chestnut shades prevail. They are lighter on the belly. The back of the bird is 3-4 tones darker.
The wren is a very small bird, even smaller than a sparrow
The color and appearance of the bird are similar to the appearance of birds of the warbler family. The difference is the absence of white eyebrows. In warblers, they are clearly expressed.
Another distinctive feature of the wren is its beak. It is thin and curved. It's easy to catch insects like that. Small midges and spiders are the basis of the bird's diet. Actually, therefore, the wren is migratory. In order to stay for the winter, you need to switch to eating frozen berries and seeds. The wren does not compromise, departing to regions teeming with insects all year round.
Wren on a photo looks diminutive. But the real size of the bird is rarely caught. In fact, the feathered one is about half the size of a sparrow.
The strength of the wren's voice seems out of proportion to its mass. The hero of the article has powerful, major singing. The trills of the birds are energetic and slightly crackling, they sound something like "trick-tee-tik".
Listen to the singing of the wren
Lifestyle and habitat
The favorite habitat of the hero of the article is hidden in his name. The bird often hides in the nettle thickets. However, instead of it, the feathered one can use ferns, raspberries, or simply heaps of brushwood in a windbreak.It is his wren that seeks out in deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests. It is important that they have undergrowth, windbreaks, everything that litters the territory.
Upturned roots, fallen trunks, heaps of brushwood and thickets of shrubs, grasses are necessary for wrens for shelter from predators and nesting. In difficult-to-pass places, passerines hide clutches of eggs. The surrounding trash also serves as a building material for the nests. They are dominated by moss, leaves, small twigs.
If there are thickets, wrens settle in the mountains, and in ravines, and near lakes and swamps, and in deserts. Those who settle in areas with a harsh climate are collectively saved from the cold. Birds huddle in several individuals in the nest. Birds pressed against each other reduce heat loss.
By the way, part of the wren population is sedentary. Birds nesting in the northern regions are migratory. However, wrens are also common outside of Russia. Some species of the family live in America, Africa, Asia, and European countries. In Russia, a representative of the passerine genus appears simultaneously with the first spring thawed patches.
Ornithologists count 60 representatives of the wren family. In Russia, the common one is mainly found. In length, it grows up to 10 centimeters, weighs about 7-10 grams. The brown plumage of the bird casts red. On the sides of the common wren, transverse streaks are visible, and above the eyes there is a semblance of light eyebrows.
In America, house wren predominates. It is larger than usual by 3-4 centimeters in length. Representatives of the species weigh about 13 grams. The small size does not prevent house birds from climbing into the nests of other birds and destroying their eggs. In particular, the clutches of nuthatches and tits are eaten. Another species of wrens, the long-tailed one, also suffers from the brownie.
Long-tailed wren, as the name implies, is distinguished by the length of the tail. It does not look like short "brushes" of feathers of congeners. The color of the plumage is also different. There is almost no redness in it. Cold shades of brown prevail.
There is also Stephen's shrub wren... He only lives on Stevens Island. The bird is distinguished by its brown-olive plumage and inability to fly. The small wings of an even smaller bird are unable to lift it into the air.
However, does Stephen's wren live? Representatives of the species have not been seen for a long time, and therefore are considered extinct. The cats brought to the island are blamed for the death of the population. They caught all the birds unable to fly away from the offenders.
Stephen's birds are otherwise called New Zealand wrensas Stevens Island is off the coast of New Zealand. Once, scientists say, the extinct species lived on the main lands of the country. But, in the 19th century, the territory was chosen by the Maori.
Stephen's or New Zealand wren
The people brought with them rats called Polynesian. Already guessed who exterminated the bush wrens on the continent? The rats considered flightless birds easy prey. That's cause of death of shrub wrens # 1. Cats just "put the squeeze" on the situation.
There are also fictional types of wren. Suffice it to recall the computer game Wowhead. It has pond wren... This unique item bears little resemblance to a bird. The Wren in the game is a vehicle that gives freedom in water and airless space.
Nutrition of the wren
In the fictional world, wrens are not asked to eat or drink. The real bird eats often, filling its stomach to refusal. This is typical of miniature animals. The crumb that their stomach can accommodate is enough for a small amount of energy. Having consumed it, the wren is hungry again. The bird dies without frequent meals.
The diet of wrens includes snails, centipedes, spiders, insect larvae and pupae, caterpillars, eggs of other small birds and invertebrates.
A part of the wren population that remains overwintering in Russia accepts berries on the menu. But, in general, birds try to stay closer to non-freezing springs and rivers. In them, birds get aquatic insects, larvae.
Reproduction and life expectancy of wren
Small bird wren breeding begins in late April, early May. The nests are built by males. They, if the population is migratory, are the first to return to their homeland. Having prepared a "foothold", males of wrens meet females and young growth.
Males not only build nests, but also carefully choose the territory for them. There should be a source of clean water and thickets of grass and bushes nearby. It is also important that the place you like is spacious enough.
Wrens have 5-7 nests next to each other. Some of them are set up on the ground, others are placed on the branches of bushes, and still others are in the voids of fallen trees. Moreover, each male makes several variants of nests. They are left unfinished. Only the one that the female chooses in the end is brought to the "mind".
Wrens make nests thick-walled, with a diameter of about 12 centimeters. Should hold 6 eggs - average clutch volume of wren. In a year, pairs of birds give birth twice, incubating chicks for two weeks.
In the photo there is a wren in the nest
Wren eggs are white with small red dots. In nature, birds have time to raise 8 generations. Wrens rarely live longer than 4 years. If you tame a bird, it can please 10-12 years. These are the records for the longevity of wrens in captivity.