Bird Families

Lesser Gauntlet / Zapornia parva


1. Quail - Coturnix coturnix L.

IN. Somewhat larger than a starling. OP. They resemble a little chicken. The color is reddish-gray, with longitudinal light and dark streaks on top. The male's throat is black in spring and white in autumn, breast and craw are buffy-red, without spots. Females and juveniles have dark spots on the crop and breast. They are very secretive on the ground. In autumn, during the flight, they gather in flocks that fly at night. Easily detected by screaming. They fly low above the ground: completely straight. G. The voice of a quail is a loud "kva-va, hwa-va, drink-drink-beat, drink-drink-beat", the voice of a Japanese quail is a dull "chu-drink-trr". From. The Japanese quail differs from the quail, except for the voice, in a slightly smaller size and rusty-brown color of the head and neck in males. B. Dry meadows and crops. HP. Migratory birds. Mr. Nests on the ground. Clutch contains 8-14 whitish or clay-brownish eggs with dark spots.


2. Three-finger - Turnix tanki Blyth.

IN. From a starling. OP. Small short-tailed bird. The upper body is brownish with dark spots, the underside is buffy-reddish with rounded spots on the sides. On the paws, 3 toes. It keeps in dry places overgrown with grass and bushes. It takes off reluctantly, the flight is quite fast, direct (similar to the flight of a quail). G. Dull howl emitted by females in spring. From. It differs from quail in color and in that there are 3, not 4 fingers on the paws. B. Hillsides and plains covered with grass and bushes. HP. Migrant. Mr. A hole in the ground. The clutch contains 4 gray eggs with small brown dots. ROV.

Crake, or dergach

3. Crake - Cgex crex L.

IN. Less dove. OP. The coloration is brownish-red with streaks on the back and transverse stripes on the sides. The wings are rusty-red. The beak is short. He is secretive, runs fast, flies badly. Active at night. G. Squeaky cry "crack-crack", "crack-crack", heard very far away. From. It differs from a shepherdess in a short beak, from a chase - a red color, from other shepherdesses - in a characteristic cry. B. Damp meadows in river valleys of a wide variety of landscapes. HP. Migrant. Mr. The nest is hidden in the grass. In clutch there are 8-12 buffy eggs with reddish-brown spots.


4. Pogonysh - Porzana porzana L.

IN. Larger than a starling. OP. The coloration of the upper body is olive-brown with light and dark streaks, the underside is bluish-gray with white spots, transverse stripes on the sides. The undertail is not striped. The base of the beak is red, the end is green-yellow. Paws are greenish. Secretive, reluctant to take off, but the flight is quite fast, direct. G. Sharp, far audible whistle "whistle-whistle". From. It differs from the small pogonysh and the crumbly pogonysh in the undertail without stripes and in larger sizes, from the corncrake - in dark color and red base of the beak. B. Grassy bogs of a wide variety of landscapes. HP. Migrant. Mr. A nest of leaves and grass on a hummock or crease of a reed. In clutch there are 8-10 greenish-buffy eggs with reddish-brown spots.

Small pogonysh

5. Small rush - Porzana parva Scop.

IN. From a starling. OP. The upper body is olive brown with dark streaks, the neck and lower body are slate gray. The undertail is striped. The base of the beak is red, the end is yellow. Legs are greenish. Females have buffy throats and breasts. Swims and dives G. Peculiar sounds "just-just-about-watt" and "vewitt-quorr". From. It differs from the crumb-crusher in the red base of the beak, from the crusher - in the striped undertail and small size. B. Densely overgrown banks of reservoirs of various landscapes. HP. Migrant. Mr. Nest on a hummock or crease of a reed. In clutch there are 7-9 yellowish-gray eggs with red spots.

Shepherd boy

7. Shepherd boy - Rallus aquaticus L.

IN. Less dove. OP. The neck and chest are dark gray, the back is brown with streaks, black and white stripes on the sides. The beak is slightly curved downward. Paws are black. Young ones are more stormy, there are transverse stripes on the chest. He is active at night, runs quickly in the grass, swims and dives. Takes off reluctantly. G. Shrill repetitive whit-whit-whit or sharp tilc. From. It differs from corncrake and champs by a long beak curved downwards. B. Reed, reed and sedge overgrown swamps and coasts in a wide variety of landscapes. HP. Migratory in places resident bird. Mr. Nest on a hummock or in a reed. In clutch there are 7-10 buffy eggs with red-brown spots.

Big pogonysh

8. Big pogonysh - Porzana paykullii Ljungh.

IN. Larger than a starling. OP. The upper body is olive-brown without streaks, the sides of the head, neck and chest are chestnut-red. On the sides there are brown transverse stripes. The female and young are lighter. Runs fast in dense grass. It flies reluctantly, legs hang down in flight. G. Rattling crackling trill "urrrrr" and short metal sounds. From. It differs from other chasers and corncrake in its bright red chest. B. Meadows and swamps of the forest zone. HP. Migrant. Mr. Nests in dense grass in a dry place, nest in a hole. In clutch there are 6-9 reddish eggs with red-brown spots.

White-winged Chase (Porzana exquisita)

Appearance: The smallest of the chasers (much smaller than the starling). The top is blackish with brown streaks and transverse white streaks, the abdomen is whitish, the spot on the crease of the wing and the "speculum" are white.
The size: Less starling.

Features: It differs from all chasers in small size and white spots on the wings.

Nature of stay: Migrant.

Related materials (by tag)

  • Black-headed goldfinch, or common goldfinch (lat.Carduelis carduelis)
  • Hoof, or saja, or bulduruk (buldeyuk, bulldruk) (lat.Syrrhaptes paradoxus)
  • Bulduruk (buldeyuk, bulldruk), or hoof, saja (lat.Syrrhaptes paradoxus)
  • Saja, or bulduruk (buldeyuk, bulldruk), or hoof (lat.Syrrhaptes paradoxus)
  • Brown-winged plover, or American plover (lat.Pluvialis dominica)

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