Bird Families

Turdus grayi



The name of the thrush is onomatopoeic and is fixed in the Indo-European languages ​​of Europe: Template: lang-lat, Wed-Irl. truit, druit

(starling), other fig.
(thrush), Old High German
(Template: lang-de), OE
(Template: lang-en). prus.
, lit.
, Latvian.
(thrush), Russian.

Goes back to the Proto-Indo-European * trozdos

, underwent assimilation in the Slavic languages:
, from which, among other things, originated: Russian.
, ukr.
(genus n.
), Wed-Bulgarian.
, bulg.
, Serbo-Horv.
drȍzd, dròzda
, Slovenian.
, Czech., Slovak.
, Polish.
, V.-puddles.
, n.-puddles.


Sexual maturity of both sexes begins the next year after birth]]. The breeding season lasts from April to August, as a rule, there are 2 (less often 3) clutches per season. In case of migration, males arrive at nesting sites several days earlier than females. Pairs form rather quickly, and the female begins to build a bowl-shaped nest on her own. The construction usually takes 5-7 days, small dry twigs are used as material, which are held together by grass and clay. In addition, small debris such as pieces of paper or cloth can be used. The nest is built at a fork in a tree, in dense bush foliage, or at the edge of a building niche at a height of 2-7 m from the ground]. Clutch consists of 3-6 (most often 4) blue eggs without speckling, egg size 28, 4-30, 3 x 20, 5-21, 4 mm] and weighing about 6, 3 g. The first time the female lays after 3 —4 days after completion of nest construction, with a frequency of one egg per day, in spring or early summer. For example, in central and southern New York, the first clutch was observed between April 6 and July 24. The incubation period is 12-14 days, only the female incubates, while she sits on the eggs for 40 minutes, and then turns them over with her beak and flies out for food. The male can also bring food to the female, but this behavior is not typical for him. Chicks appear naked and helpless, in the same order as the eggs were laid, both parents care for and feed them, making 35-40 food walks a day]. During the week, the female is constantly in the nest, warming the chicks, and after this period she leaves it at night. The birds make their first flight in about 13 days, but for about three more weeks they are not far from the nest and take food from their parents. Soon after the chicks begin to fly, the female begins building a second nest, which is often higher than the previous one.


Distributed in Europe, Asia and America, brought to New Zealand. In winter, northern species fly south, gathering in large flocks.

Nests singly or in small colonies on trees, bushes or on the ground; nests are massive, often with soil or clay in the walls. During the summer, they give 1-2 clutches, each with 3 to 7 eggs.

They feed on insects, spiders, worms, molluscs, berries, and often feed on the ground.

In Russia, the most common: white-browed (Turdus iliacus

), miser (
Turdus viscivorus
), fieldfare (
Turdus pilaris
) and etc.

The black (Turdus merula

) and chorister (
Turdus philomelos
) blackbirds are wonderful singers.

The habitat of the bluebird

The rock thrush (Turdus hortulorum) is a bird of the thrush family. The rock thrush is an extremely rare breeding and migratory species of blackbirds. The population of this species of thrushes is represented by a small and isolated group in the extreme northern part of Russia. The nesting place of the bluebird was found in the summer of 1921 by M. I Tkachenko.

The gray thrush is classified as a small thrush, since the bird does not exceed the size of an ordinary sparrow, however, it is distinguished by a strong constitution, and is also characterized by very beautiful plumage and rare singing.

External signs of a bluish thrush.

The color of the bluebird differs from others in that its head, back, wings and tail are dark in color, sometimes gray-gray. The bird's throat is whitish, the sides and chest are bright red, the abdomen of the gray thrush is always white. The male of the bluebird is colored, predominantly, in an ash-gray shade, with a completely gray goiter and bright red chest and sides. The color of the female is much less pronounced.

Behavioral signs.

The rockbird is a common migratory bird that feeds on the ground, picking up bugs, spiders and worms from the forest litter. The thrush moves along the ground with small dexterous jumps, while not for a second does not lose its vigilance and, in case of danger, instantly reacts with a sharp swing high into the air.

In addition, the blackbird is a songbird, which begins to sing, sitting high on a tree. Her singing resembles several repetitive screams, and looks like a harsh "chak-chak". The song of the thrush is very loud and beautiful, its "repertoire" is in no way inferior to the skill of the song thrush. It is much longer and more varied, moreover, the bluebird accompanies its bright singing with spectacular body movements, but at the same time the birds themselves sit motionless and, as a rule, high on a tree. The most active time for the singing of the rockbird comes in early spring.


Bluebirds live in small flocks or in pairs in trees. The birds place their nests high on the branches of trees, which they make themselves from dry branches and grass. Often, the gray thrush chooses half-open hollows of old trees as a nesting site. Clutch of bluebird, as a rule, does not exceed 5 eggs, which are painted in a pale green color with bright reddish spots. Eggs are laid in late April, early May.

Thrushes fly well, their flight is distinguished not only by high speed and good height, but also by lightness and gracefulness of movements. They freely maneuver between trees and bushes in the densest thicket of the forest. Easily cover long distances, feeling good in the air.

The habitat of the bluebird is rather narrow. The main territory of its distribution is the south of the Far East and a small territory of Yakutia; the rock thrush is also found in the Amur region. As a habitat, the bird chooses deciduous and mixed forests, as well as floodplain thickets. The bluebird is an exclusively forest bird, and where there is no forest there are no blackbirds.

In recent years, these beautiful birds have been repeatedly brought to Moscow, the birds lend themselves well to domestication and easily adapt to life in indoor conditions, easily endure life in a cage. It is not difficult to feed the bluebird in an apartment - a mixture of insects, with the addition of dried berries, such as elderberry, mountain ash, is suitable as food. They also absorb the special mass of minced meat well. Some, especially zealous lovers of this species of thrush, even managed to get offspring. With proper care and attention, gray thrushes can live in captivity for 10 years or more.

Bluebird hunting.

Despite the fact that blackbirds have a narrowly delineated habitat, hunting for them is a very attractive activity for many hunters and is no less popular than, for example, hunting ducks or any other game. One type of hunting differs from another, only in that the weight of a thrush, and even more so a gray one, is much lower than that of many other birds. That is why hunters prefer mainly to hunt only fieldbirds, but the meat of the rockbird is in no way inferior in taste to any delicacy and is a tasty morsel for true lovers of poultry meat.

In order to get the meat of the bluebird, you need to try a lot and even sweat. Firstly, in order to hunt him, you should go exactly to where he lives, and these are quite hard-to-reach places. Secondly, in order to bring at least something home and cook, you need to try to damage the carcass of the caught bird as little as possible. Shooting in this case is not desirable. Therefore, there are some other ways of hunting for thrush.

For them, berries are the most desired delicacy, therefore, for the sake of their favorite dish, blackbirds are ready to make treacherous raids on fruit trees. As a rule, birds make this adventure before sunrise or at dawn. The most favorite berries are, a little bit cold, the fruits of mountain ash and viburnum, therefore autumn is the most successful hunt for thrush.

They hunt blackbirds by placing snares on tree branches. To do this, lay out bunches of blind viburnum or mountain ash berries, it is better to lay them out on branches powdered with snow so that they can be seen from afar. The berries prepared for the birds are entangled with a net, a bird covetous with the bait will surely get entangled by its paws in the mesh cells and become caught.

In some cases, it is still possible to shoot at birds, but the shot should be chosen as for hazel grouse. Shooting is usually carried out from the approach, at sitting or jumping birds. The most successful, of course, will be flying in, but in a forest, tree branches will interfere with the reception.

When hunting for the blackbird (gray-headed), it should be remembered that this is a rather rare bird, this species has not yet been sufficiently studied and although it is not subject to special protection by the state, the question of the need for this has already been repeatedly raised by ornithologists of the country. Therefore, you should hunt carefully without causing harm to the main population of birds.

The marked (*) species are found in Russia. Pattern: count

  • Turdus abyssinicus
    - Ethiopian thrush
  • Turdus albicollis
    - white-necked thrush
  • Turdus albocinctus
    - white-collared thrush
  • Turdus amaurochalinus
    - cream-bellied thrush
  • Turdus atrogularis
    * - black-throated, or dark-throated, thrush
  • Turdus aurantius
    - Jamaican thrush
  • Turdus bewsheri
    - Comorian thrush
  • Turdus boulboul
    - gray-winged thrush
  • Turdus camaronensis
    - Cameroon thrush
  • Turdus cardis
    * - white-bellied thrush
  • Turdus celaenops
    - island thrush
  • Turdus chiguanco
    - brown thrush
  • Turdus chrysolaus
    * - golden, or Japanese, thrush
  • Turdus dissimilis
    - black-breasted thrush
  • Turdus eunomus
    * - dark, or brown, thrush
  • Turdus falcklandii
    - magellanic thrush
  • Turdus feae
    - brown-headed thrush
  • Turdus fulviventris
    - yellow-bellied thrush
  • Turdus fumigatus
    - grenada thrush
  • Turdus fuscater
    - great thrush
  • Turdus grayi
    - Gray's thrush
  • Turdus gurneyi
    - orange thrush
  • Turdus haplohrous
    - monochromatic brown thrush
  • Turdus hortulorum
    * - bluebird
  • Turdus ignobilis
    - black-billed thrush
  • Turdus iliacus
    * - red-browed
  • Turdus jamaicensis
    - white-eyed thrush
  • Turdus kessleri
    - rhododendral thrush
  • Turdus lawrencii
    - brown thrush
  • Turdus leucomelas
    - pale-chested thrush
  • Turdus libonyanus
    - red-billed thrush
  • Turdus litsipsirupa
    - thrush-digger
  • Turdus maranonicus
    - Peruvian thrush
  • Turdus menachensis
    - Yemeni thrush
  • Turdus merula
    * - blackbird
  • Turdus migratorius
    - wandering thrush
  • Turdus mipunensis
    - Chinese thrush
  • Turdus naumanni
    * - Naumann's thrush, or red thrush
  • Turdus nigrescens
    - grim thrush
  • Turdus nigriceps
    - mourning thrush
  • Turdus nudigenis
    - big-eyed thrush
  • Turdus oberlaenderi
    - Oberlander's thrush
  • Turdus obscurus
    * - olive thrush
  • Turdus obsoletus
    - pale-bellied thrush
  • Turdus olivaceofuscus
    - olive-gray thrush
  • Turdus olivaceos
    - Cape thrush
  • Turdus olivater
    - hood thrush
  • Turdus pallidus
    * - pale thrush
  • Turdus pelios
    - West African thrush
  • Turdus philomelos
    * - songbird
  • Turdus piaggiae
    - vociferous thrush
  • Turdus pilaris
    * - fieldfare, or field thrush
  • Turdus plebejus
    - Thrush of Cabanis
  • Turdus plumbeus
    - red-footed thrush
  • Turdus poliocephalus
    - mountain, or changeable, thrush
  • Turdus princei
    - Ghanaian thrush
  • Turdus ravidis
    - red-eyed, or Cameroon, thrush
  • Turdus reevi
    - mouse thrush
  • Turdus rubrocanus
    - chestnut thrush
  • Turdus ruficollis
    * - red-throated thrush
  • Turdus rufitorques
    - red-necked thrush
  • Turdus rufiventris
    - red-bellied thrush
  • Turdus rufopalliatus
    - red-backed thrush
  • Turdus serranus
    - brilliant thrush
  • Turdus swalesi
    - Haitian thrush
  • Turdus tephronotus
    - spectacled thrush
  • Turdus torquatus
    * - white-throated thrush
  • Turdus unicolor
    - monochromatic thrush
  • Turdus viscivorus
    * - missel, or missel thrush

Fieldfare bird. Fieldfare bird lifestyle and habitat

What kind of birds we do not see at different times of the year. There are those who live next to us, in cities, all the time - in winter and summer. There are also migratory birds that appear in our area only during the warm period. These include thrush entitled fieldfare.

Usage Information

Photo "Clay thrush, Turdus grayi rests on a tree stump against a green background" can be used for personal and commercial purposes according to the conditions of the purchased Royalty-free license. The image is available for download in high quality with resolution up to 6016x4016.

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